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battle of leyte gulf

Moreover, a large proportion of the Sibuyan Sea attack was directed against just one ship, Musashi. She needed no more, but hung in there for awhile, and her AA battery was nasty.  • Territorial changes of Germany But a single Yokosuka Judy put a 550-pound bomb through “Sweet P’s” flight deck, igniting ordnance on the hangar deck. This plan was likely to result in the destruction of one or more of the attacking forces, but Toyoda later explained this to his American interrogators as follows: —United States Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific) – 'Interrogations of Japanese Officials', Admiral Kurita's force at anchor in Brunei. The invasion of Formosa would require much larger ground forces than were available in the Pacific in late 1944, and would not have been feasible until the defeat of Germany freed the necessary manpower.[5]. [4][5] By the time of the battle, Japan had fewer aircraft than the Allied Forces had sea vessels, demonstrating the difference in power of the two sides at this point of the war. The fire was gradually brought under control, but at 15:23 there was an enormous explosion (probably in the carrier's bomb stowage aft), causing more casualties aboard Princeton, and even heavier casualties - 233 dead and 426 wounded - aboard the light cruiser Birmingham which was coming back alongside to assist with the firefighting. The air groups of the 10 US carriers present contained 600-1,000 aircraft. The beliigerents were American and Australian forces against the Imperial Japanese Navy. On 22 October, Halsey had detached two of his carrier groups to the fleet base at Ulithi to provision and rearm. Although of tremendous material consequence, the Battle of Leyte Gulf did not leave a lasting tactical or operational legacy.  • Tempest Halsey's decision to take all the available strength of 3rd Fleet northwards to attack the carriers of the Japanese Northern Force had left San Bernardino Strait completely unguarded. Army General Douglas MacArthur’s 1942 pledge to return to the Philippines prompted high-level discussion regarding the advisability of seizing the Philippines or Formosa. Unable to outrun the enemy, the 19-knot CVEs were chased down.  • Lend-Lease Most were shot down by American combat air patrols, and no damage was done to the US ships. Even this failed to persuade Halsey to send any immediate assistance to the powerful 7th Fleet. It took place from 23 October to 26 October 1944, between the Allies and the Empire of Japan. Summarizing the damage of the Battle of Leyte Gulf, Nimitz reflected that Typhoon Cobra “represented a more crippling blow to the Third Fleet than it might be expected to suffer in anything less than a major action.”. At least one of these was picked up by a radio operator on Yamato, but Kurita failed to take appropriate antisubmarine precautions.  • Leningrad After this succession of delays it was too late for TF 34 to give any practical help to 7th Fleet, other than to assist in picking up survivors from Taffy 3, and too late even to intercept Kurita's force before it made its escape through San Bernardino Strait. "[16] Morison and a number of others have presumed the fire surrounded the part of Fuso still afloat. However, Halsey did have reasonable and, in his view, given the information he had available, practical reasons for his actions. Three of his heavy cruisers had been sunk, and the determined resistance had convinced him that persisting with his attack would only cause further Japanese losses. The Second Striking Force—commanded by Vice Admiral Kiyohide Shima—consisted of the heavy cruisers Nachi (Flag) and Ashigara, the light cruiser Abukuma, and the destroyers Akebono, Ushio, Kasumi, and Shiranui. Fire was then shifted to a second target bearing 180 T at the same range. The light carrier Chiyoda lingered a bit longer. He waited until 17:15 before turning around again to head for the San Bernardino Strait. When he entered the narrow Surigao Strait at 02:00, Shima was 25 nmi (29 mi; 46 km) behind him, and Kurita was still in the Sibuyan Sea, several hours from the beaches at Leyte.  • Pearl Harbor Mogami and Shigure retreated southwards down the Strait. That morning Essex’s air group commander David McCampbell directed strikes that sank the light carrier Chitose. © HistoryOnTheNet 2000-2019. Almost all of Kurita's surviving force succeeded in escaping.  •  • Poland Nishimura's "Southern Force" consisted of the old battleships Yamashiro and Fusō, the heavy cruiser Mogami, and four destroyers. Some things became clear: The …  • Technology Between them, these groups had five large fleet carriers (Intrepid, Franklin, Lexington, Enterprise, and Essex), five light fleet carriers (Independence, Belleau Wood, Langley, Cabot, and San Jacinto), six battleships (Alabama, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Jersey, South Dakota, and Washington), eight cruisers (two heavy and six light), and more than 40 destroyers. The first four words and the last three were "padding" used to confuse enemy cryptanalysis (the beginning and end of the true message was marked by double consonants). The rear of the Southern Force—the "Second Striking Force" commanded by Vice Admiral Shima—had departed from Mako and approached Surigao Strait about 40 mi (35 nmi; 64 km) astern of Nishimura. A meeting between MacArthur, Nimitz, and President Roosevelt helped confirm the Philippines as a strategic target, but had less to do with the final decision to invade the Philippines than is sometimes claimed. Meanwhile, Japanese land-based aircraft posed a serious threat to the fast carriers. Many other suicide attacks by the "Special Attack Force" began on 25 October, and did great damage to the Allied ships. Vice Admiral Lee, who had correctly deduced that Ozawa's force was on a decoy mission and indicated this in a blinker message to Halsey's flagship, was similarly rebuffed.  • Morgenthau Plan  • Atomic bombings The Battle of Leyte Gulf was fought October 23-26, 1944, during World War II (1939-1945) and is considered the conflict's largest naval engagement. At 03:16, West Virginia's radar picked up the surviving ships of Nishimura's force at a range of 42,000 yd (38,000 m) and had achieved a firing solution at 30,000 yd (27,000 m). There were also the smaller guns and torpedoes of 28 destroyers and 39 motor torpedo boats (Patrol/Torpedo (PT) boats). Rear Admiral Ralph E. Davison of TG 38.4 was to be in overall command of the supporting carrier groups. Without fuel, the Imperial Japanese Navy never again sailed to battle. In all, US 3rd Fleet flew 259 sorties—mostly by Hellcats—against Center Force on 24 October. Still, Taffy Three remained in peril. Nine other ships incurred major damage; six suffered lesser damage. At 14:15, Mitscher ordered DuBose to pursue the remnants of the Japanese Northern Force. He then transferred to the battleship Yamato.  • Gothic Line The light carrier Chiyoda and the cruiser Tama were crippled.  • Lapland I knew it would be a long afternoon, so I throttled back to almost stalling speed and leaned out the fuel to practically a back-firing mixture.

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